Home fire safety awareness is vital to the safety and security of all homes alike. Notably, 80% of deaths by fires are caused by house fires. Surprisingly, simple projects completed can drastically affect whether or not your home is susceptible to fire. Moreover, the majority of these projects are quite simple and easy. With that, here is your guide to home fire safety.
Outside the Home
Starting outside, you must keep up your home ignition zone or HIZ. This is the immediate, intermediate, and extended zones of your property.
- Of course, clean your roof and gutters, and clear any low lying limbs.
- Be sure to restore any damage to your roof or shingles.
- When it comes to trees, be sure limbs are 4 feet or higher from the grass.
- Rake! Rake up debris on your property such as pine needles, dry leaves, and trash at least 3 to 5 feet from the home itself. Reach under decks, porches, sheds, and kids play areas in doing so.
- Sweep your porch or deck and clear it from all other flammable debris.
- Do not store anything under your porch or deck, and install wire screening with no greater than ⅛ inch mesh to protect those areas from embers.
- Mowing the lawn is imperative as well, be sure grass is 4 inches or less in height.
- Wood piles should be at best 30 feet away from the home and all other structures.
Most importantly, your home address must be seen from the street, this is to ensure first responders can find your home and respond to your emergency properly and in a timely manner. Furthermore, consider holding a yard sale and donating the earnings to the local fire department.
Inside the Home
Inside your home, work with your family to ensure the safety of everyone in the event of a fire.
- To reduce worry of material things, have insurance on all of your belongings.
- Talk with your family and have a home evacuation route that can be used in many home disasters.
- Construct a family communication plan. Sometimes, families are separated in a catastrophic event. A family communication plan will detail how your family will stay connected in case of a disaster.
- Assemble a 72-hour kit. This is an emergency kit especial to your family and home, and ensures enough food, water, and other supplies for at least 72 hours. Be sure to include the pets needs in this kit, as well.
- Additionally, map-out 2 alternate escape routes from the neighborhood with your family.
If your home has any babysitters, be sure that the babysitter knows the special evacuation routes, emergency drills, and location of survival supplies.
With the Neighborhood
A copious amount of measures can be held along with the neighborhood, as well. Your neighbors play a huge role in the safety and security of your home. Specifically, work with your neighbors to make a phone tree. This can be used to alert everyone of a fire. Pass out wildfire safety information to your neighbors to get them aware. At any rate, assist the elderly that live in your neighborhood. Enter emergency numbers in their phones and post their number and street address above the landline in case that info is needed when calling a first responder.
In conclusion, it is essential to home fire safety to consider the inside and outside of your home, as well as your neighborhood. In any case, have a plan with your family, a 72-hour kit, and cleanup schedules for the yard and gutters. Keep the immediate, intermediate, and extended zones of your property free and clear from flammable materials or conditions, and be sure everyone in your family and your neighborhood is aware of fire safety.